[2][3] For the occasion, he presented the Magnificat as his first work on a Latin text and his first five-part choral setting in Leipzig. Johann Sebastian Bachs Vertonung des lateinischen Magnificat liegt in zwei unterschiedlichen Fassungen vor. [14] For the traditional setting of Luther's German Magnificat that is the minor mode for which the last note of the melodic formula is the tonic, a fifth below its opening note. Lutheran theologians thus rejected the Vulgate version (they would have the verse end on "... bonae voluntes" in Latin), while composers were attached to the classic formula for its melodious rhythm. [39][72] The voices imitate each other, in gentle movement. [41], As these laudes were to be performed with a very limited accompaniment of instruments, they were supposedly performed from the small loft in the high choir of the Thomaskirche, opposite to the large organ loft where the other movements of the Magnificat were performed. [11] Novello published an edition in 2000, edited by Neil Jenkins. [12] Bärenreiter published a critical edition based on Dürr's 1955 edition again in 2014/15.[38]. The continuo part is played by organ, bassoon, cello and violone in most movements. Für Soli (SSATB), Chor (SSATB), Orchester und Orgel (lat). [21] The four Christmas hymn movements are placed after the second, fifth, seventh and ninth movement on the Magnificat text. The first, in E flat major, was written in 1723, the year when he took up his position in Leipzig, and was intended for use in the Christmas Vespers. The theme resembles the sarabande of Bach's first French Suite in D minor, BWV 812. [72] The tenor is the first voice to enter, followed by alto, SII, bass and SI, leading to two calls without melismas near the middle of the movement. The first part addresses the Trinity. 2 Violini. [7], For Visitation of 1733, Bach revised his Magnificat, creating the version better known today. He did the same in his funeral motet Jesu, meine Freude. My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord. [25][26] Around Bach's time there are also examples by Heinichen and by Vivaldi. BWV 606 (in the Orgelbüchlein), 700, 701, 738 and 738a are chorale preludes based on the "Vom Himmel hoch" theme. The first time the Christmas hymns of the E-flat major version of Bach's Magnificat were printed was in the same volume as the D major version of the Magnificat, in the 1862 Bach Gesellschaft XI/1 publication, which presented the hymns in an annex. [21] Choral movements 1, 7 and 12 are accompanied by the full orchestra (tutti), with the exceptions of the recorders which add specific colour only in movement 9. [30] The strings, as the only other instruments, play repeated notes in every measure, moving one step down or up in the next. [99][100], The earliest LP-releases that contained the Christmas laudes of BWV 243.1 inserted them, transposed, in the D major version BWV 243.2 of the Magnificat. Kuhnau's Magnificat setting also used a SSATB choir. 2 Violini. The basso continuo is not listed, playing almost throughout. 21; however, its authenticity was doubted. (Sleeve)", "Bach: Magnificat, Kurt Thomas vs. Helmuth Rilling (Compare 2 Versions)", International Music Score Library Project, Literature by and about Magnificat in E-flat major, BWV 243a, "Magnificats BWV 243 & BWV 243a - Details", "Berlin, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz : D-B Mus. The type of orchestra is shown for an ensemble with period instruments in historically informed performance by green background. In Leipzig, a Latin Magnificat was sung on the high holidays (Christmas, Easter and Pentecost, then performed on two of the three days of celebration) and on the three Marian feasts Annunciation, Visitation and Purification. 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