They probably are used for reconnaissance purposes, since divisions in which they are found normally do not have cavalry or reconnaissance regiments. (1) General. 11 Army: Anami Korechika: Hankow: China Expeditionary Army: The "cutting edge" of the Japanese Army in China, acting as its chief operational force. Apr 17, 2016 - Explore dan_grissom's board "Japanese Forces WW2" on Pinterest. (a) Company commander--Captain. Such units, formed by assigning combat or service elements other than transport to provisionally formed transport units, will be found operating behind the lines. In general, these units have a strong nucleus of tanks, supported by motorized infantry, engineers, field and antiaircraft artillery, anti-gas, and signal detachments. A regiment seen in action operated approximately 1,500 strong, although it had left most of its horses and large parts of its train in rear areas. There are about 80 trucks included in the trains. The cavalry regiment. The organization of rifle and saber companies is identical with that of the division cavalry regiment. b. Cavalry-brigade tank unit. 1 gun platoon (Nos. Total strength is 262. (1) General. The unit probably also operates direction-finder apparatus. Organization of the Wehrmacht, Third Reich and Nazi Party with Power balance of Germany during WW2. The headquarters, composed of 70 to 100 officers and men, is divided into an administrative staff, a headquarters guard (equipped with automatic weapons) , and a small field (baggage) section. For example, a basically standard, or "B" type, division often may have "A" type artillery. gun battalion has been reported to have only two companies of four guns each. Classification and strength. These are believed composed of a headquarters and variable number of land duty, water duty, and construction duty companies. Warrant officer in charge and 18 men. General Staff section. Later four tank and one parachute division were formed. Figure 14. (8) Independent searchlight companies. Emphasis has been placed, however, upon the standard division. (3) Evidence is available that a division transport regiment also could be composed of a headquarters, 8 draft companies, and a veterinary detachment. Independent infantry mortar units. 1 and 2 gun platoons. (d) Ordnance section. Independent garrison units usually are commanded by major generals, although one or two are commanded by colonels. From experience gained in the Russo-Japanese War, however, and profiting by the lessons of World War I, Japan adopted a unique system of organization, tactics, and training suitable to the requirements for operations in East Asia. These are usually commanded by major generals. Livraison gratuite . In operations the strength has fallen as low as 500. c. Medium artillery. Commanded by a colonel or lieutenant colonel, they are composed of a headquarters and from 4 to 8 draft or pack transport companies. The Kempeitai, translated as Military Police Corps, served as the military police of the Japanese Army from 1881 –1945. This division is composed of "A" type units (augmented personnel and firepower) and may include an artillery group, consisting of a group headquarters, a field or mountain artillery regiment, and other artillery units; an organic tank unit; and a chemical or decontamination unit for gas control. 1.3K likes. In addition, there are also strength differences within the division units themselves. Strength for the company is approximately 140 with an armament of six 75-mm. (5) The adjutant is a lieutenant colonel who is assisted by a captain and a lieutenant. f. Artillery in the strengthened divisions. On 7 December the IJA had two divisions serving in Japan/Korea and 50 serving abroad, most in China. It is under the control of the Intendance Bureau of the War Ministry. guns, and the other twelve 75-mm. Organic units of the Japanese division exhibit various differences in organization and strength, because they are organized for different roles and varying types of terrain. THE TOKUMU KIKAN (SPECIAL SERVICE AGENCY). At present all the border garrisons are located in Manchuria. Independent motor transport battalions. In such case the heavy machine guns and antitank rifles are found in the machine gun and antitank companies. This battalion consists of a headquarters (divided into an administrative staff and a headquarters operational group) and 3 companies of four 150-mm howitzers. The Chief of Staff of the Japanese Army is responsible for the general direction of the army forces in … Debarkation units. They are believed to be equipped with 36 telephones and 8 telegraph instruments. (3) Strength analysis. The number of sections varies from about 8 to 12. These units are organized similarly to the company of the battalion. First or Second Lieutenant. The larger units are commanded by major generals or colonels. The nondivisional cavalry regiment is believed to consist of a headquarters with a signal section, ammunition train and transport, four rifle and saber companies, and a machine-gun company. At times mortars (probably the short barreled 81-mm) may be substituted or included. Water (shipping) Units. It is reported to have a total of about 20 medium and 65 light tanks, 25 armored cars, and a personnel strength of about 970 men. JUDICIAL. First Lieutenant. Two gun sections (noncommissioned officers and 10 men). (a) Officer personnel. It is divided into various sections charged with signal, medical, intendance, ordnance, and supply duties. Most of the other border garrisons are not subdivided into sectors and contain only the three units, the infantry and artillery units being commanded by lieutenant colonels, and the engineer units by captains. Other support weapons were the light and accurate grenade discharger and various calibre mortars. The following tables present the rank insignia of the Japanese military before and during World War II. The air signal unit is a company of about 320 officers and enlisted men. General. The bakufu army, although large force, was only one among others, and bakufu efforts to control the nation depended upon the cooperation of its vassals' armies. Truck capacity is about 1 1/2 tons. (1) General. Heavily-loden Japanese soldiers are pictured while crossing a pontoon bridge in China. Strength and weapons of "strengthened" (modified) division. They are composed of a headquarters and 3 to 4 draft or pack transport companies. These are engineer troops organized into a unit of a headquarters and 2 or 3 companies. Military intelligence is a function of the 2nd Bureau, Army General Staff, headed by a major general. GROUPS, BRIGADES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS. Armed Forces, Armies, Axis, Divisions, WW2 / January 4, 2021 January 5, 2021. This consists of a commander, 6 sections, and a material section. Seventy-three officers and men. As the IJA was an infantry force the most common type of division was the infantry division. Imperial Japanese Army. a. However, this does not constitute a hard-and-fast rule whereby all Japanese divisions are composed exclusively of any one type of units. The initial General Army was the Japanese Manchurian Army, formed from 1904–1905 during the Russo-Japanese War as a temporary command structure to coordinate the efforts of several Japanese armies in the campaign against Imperial Russia. These are estimatated at about 1,700 officers and enlisted men and usually are commanded by majors. Unlike the Atlantikwall video this video is about the small scale units, hence you will see an individual bunker and also layouts for company and platoon defenses. b. Tabular strength and equipment tables. Personnel is assigned to maintain radio liaison between transports and shipping establishments. Deployment, divisions, equipment and aircraft. back to PART I about the Wehrmacht Organization of the Wehrmacht In March 1939 the operational control of the Armed Forces was unified under the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) whose chief was Generaloberst (Colonel- General) Keitel. The green wool cap has a cloth Imperial army star sewn to its from along with its leather chinstrap. r. Battalion machine-gun company (4-gun company). Fortification construction comes under the Fortifications Directorate which is responsible to the Chief of Staff. e. The medium artillery battalion. These designs were worn on shoulders as passants between the years 1911 and 1938, then on collars afterwards until 1945, when the army was dissolved. (3) Strength analysis. Division engineers include among their personnel men trained in tank trap construction, demolition work, and small river crossing operations. When horse-drawn, the regiment numbers approximately 2,380 officers and enlisted men. (b) Company headquarters (command section). Japanese heavy artillery units fall into two categories, mobile and fixed. Mountain artillery regiments are similar to field artillery regiments, except that all equipment is carried on pack animals, and the companies are armed with 75-mm mountain guns instead of 75-mm field pieces. (3) Strength analysis. Provisional transport units. Tabular organization calls for about 2,300 men to the regiment and about 190 men per company; operating strengths have been about 150 men per company. 11. a. Of a similar but slightly lower status was a Haken Gun, or "Expeditionary Army". Border garrisons. (1) General. A new type of unit has recently made its appearance. The ammunition train, equipped with horses and two-wheeled transport carts, carries a day's unit of fire for the regiment. c. The following are Japanese fortified zones: a. machine cannons). They are commanded by lieutenant colonels or majors. Relevance. (1) The following chart shows the identified divisions of the Japanese Army, their component units, the districts from which they are conscripted, and the location of the depots from which they are supplied. Livraison gratuite. General. a. At the outbreak of the Second World War, the basic structure of the Imperial Japanese Army was as follows: Organization. (3) Six-gun units are generally similar, with strength decreased proportionately. FORTRESSES. They include draft, pack, or motor transportation, and are of 35 to 45 men in strength. It is believed that they are independent infantry regiments into which small elements of artillery, engineers, etc., have been incorporated. There are in the company 150 rifles, 9 light machine guns, 12 grenade dischargers, 2 heavy machine guns, two 20-mm antitank rifles. A So-Gun, meaning "General Army", was the term used in the IJA for an army group. The baggage section usually includes about 30 one-horse, two-wheeled transportation carts, or about 40 pack horses. (3) The strengthened division (modified). (9) Other antiaircraft units. The normal organization of fortresses is believed to be--, Armament includes coastal guns ranging from 4. a. The division cavalry regiment consists of a headquarters and train, 3 rifle and saber companies, and a machine gun company. The parachute force has been described as composed of a headquarters, two parachute battalions, and an artillery unit. The company consists of a headquarters, 2 gun platoons, and a small ammunition platoon. (1) The General Staff section is composed of about 75 officers and enlisted men. In the strengthened type division the antitank company is not a regimental unit, but there are 3 antitank companies, one in each infantry battalion, and each company usually is equipped with 4 antitank guns. AT guns, and 67 motor vehicles. 1 Southern Army Command (Indochina HQ) 2 Japanese Forces in Hong-Kong 3 Conformation of Indochina Army Garrison 3.1 Commanders-in-Chief Indochina Army Garrison 3.2 Chief of Staff Indochina Army Garrison 3.3 Staff officers, Indochina Army Garrison 3.4 Commander of Transportation regiment Imperial Guards, … Answer Save. k. Infantry battalion (strengthened, modified). The company comprises a firing unit of 2 platoons (total of four guns) and an ammunition platoon. The men are armed with rifles, and it is estimated that the armament of the regiment includes 6 each of light machine guns, grenade dischargers, mortars, and flame throwers. They contain three or four infantry battalions, but apparently no supporting arms or services. Total strength is 205 officers and enlisted men. However, within the modified strengthened division there is a marked difference of organization; accordingly, a separate detailed organization has been shown for the modified cavalry regiment. 20. These are estimated at about 800 officers and enlisted men divided into a headquarters and three companies. Each of the draft companies approximates 350 officers and enlisted men and is divided into 3 transport platoons and a combat platoon. (3) Strength analysis. Radio platoons operate 1 radio station. WWII German Army Heer Waffen K98 98K DAK Rifle Carry Sling - Reproduction G605. (4) The battalion. The trench mortar company consisted of three platoons of four sections each, while the gun company had three mountain and two antitank guns. There are several types of medium artillery regiments in the Japanese Army. 1. In an "A" type infantry regiment, the regimental infantry gun unit could be either one company of four guns or two companies of four guns under a small battalion headquarters. The battalion headquarters normally consists of about 37 officers and enlisted men, divided into administration, ordnance and intendance, liaison, code and intelligence, and an antiaircraft, or headquarters guard, sections. The unit consists of 50 to 200 officers and enlisted men depending on the size of the division. The number of radio sets used in comparison with the number L/T sets will depend on the type of operations involved. a. When the location of the depot differs from the headquarters of the divisional district, the depot location is also shown in parentheses. guns, or are mixed and have one battalion of guns and one of howitzers. These band do not appear to have any secondary duties. a. The medical personnel of the field hospitals is under direction of the chief medical officer of the division. The basic infantry section was led by a Corporal with a Lance Corporal as his assistant, it was split into two groups with the first being the rifle group and the second being the gun group. See more ideas about Ww2, World war two, Japanese. 4). AA guns each), 75-mm. The services of the Japanese Army are: Intendance. DIVISION ARTILLERY. The total strength is about 140 officers and men with six 37-mm. In the standard division a small signal unit may be furnished from the division signal unit. (1) General. Prior to organization of the technical service (Gijutsu Bu) in 10941, ordnance duties in the Japanese Army were performed by personnel detailed from various branches, usually artillery and engineers, who functioned under general supervision of the ordnance bureau of the War Ministry. The antitank unit of the cavalry brigade consists of three firing platoons, each of two 37-mm. (3) Variants. 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