Silent Sam honors Confederate soldiers who died in the Civil War. A Four-Part Plan presented by UNC-Chapel Hill to the UNC Board of Governors", "Chancellor Folt announces resignation, orders Confederate Monument pedestal to be removed intact", "University of North Carolina Gives 'Silent Sam' Statue to Confederate Group", "Judge Voids UNC's Controversial Settlement Over Confederate Statue 'Silent Sam, "A Nursery of Patriotism: the University at War, 1861–1945—Civil War—Conscription", "A guide to resources about UNC's Confederate monument: Timeline", "UNC's Silent Sam and Honoring the Confederacy", "A guide to resources about UNC's Confederate monument: Archival Resources", "Civil War 'Silent Sentinels' still on guard in North, South", "Confederate Monument (a.k.a. Another bronze plaque on the right reads: To the sons of the university who entered the War of 1861–65 in answer to the call of their country and whose lives taught the lesson of their great commander that duty is the sublimest word in the English language[b][38], "Duty is the sublimest word in the English language" is a quote from a letter attributed to Confederate commander Robert E. Lee, but revealed in 1914 to have been a forgery. "[196], In November 2019 the University of North Carolina Board of Governors announced that ownership of the statue was being transferred to the North Carolina Division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV), on the condition that it not be displayed in any county in which the University has a campus. [58], Officials said that "a protective layer would be placed on the monument to ease cleaning efforts for future situations". It stated that the University was not making any proposal on Silent Sam to the Commission at that time. The morning after the toppling, UNC issued a statement on Twitter which read: A later statement from Chancellor Folt, UNC President Margaret Spellings, and other university leaders[131] said, "Last night's rally was unlike any previous event on our campus. Now, that group will raise Silent Sam and bring the same pain to another North Carolina community, and it will do so with millions of the … [43] Later in the speech; Carr stated: One hundred yards from where we stand, less than ninety days perhaps after my return from Appomattox, I horse-whipped a negro wench until her skirts hung in shreds, because upon the streets of this quiet village she had publicly insulted and maligned a Southern lady, and then rushed for protection to these University buildings where was stationed a garrison of 100 Federal soldiers. "[184], Former Chancellor James Moeser said it was "inconceivable" that the statue go back on the pedestal, and proposed the creation of a civil rights museum on campus, perhaps in the Playmakers Theatre building, as a place where the statue could be displayed. This website is a guide to primary sources, held in the University Archives and other Wilson Library collections, about the planning and dedication of Silent Sam and the discussion surrounding the monument in the years since. It will remind you, and those who come after you of the boys who left these peaceful classic shades for the hardships of armies at the front, for the fierce carnage of titanic battles, for suffering and for death. [116], On August 25 and 30 and on September 8, follow-up demonstrations were held at the site by supporters and critics of the toppling of the statue. [34], In a manner similar to his earlier Daniel A. Bean sculpture, John A. Wilson created a "silent" statue by not including a cartridge box on the infantryman's belt so that he cannot fire his gun. Its former location has been described as "the front door" of the university[1] and "a position of honor". The Silent Sam statue was erected to honor alumni of the university who fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War. "[90] (The decision, which arrived two days after Silent Sam was toppled, was negative, as the North Carolina Historical Commission found that the law did not allow them to approve the request. Here's what to do about them", "Soldiers' Monument. It's not properly contextualized. The North Carolina Attorney General, Josh Stein, also made a statement supporting the removal or relocation of "statues that...promote white supremacy". "[82], On August 22, 2017, at the beginning of the school year, a "Rally for Removal of Silent Sam", announced on a poster describing the day as "the first day of Silent Sam's last semester", attracted about 800 people. [101], On April 30, 2018, Maya Little defaced the statue, which she called "a symbol of UNC's commitment to white supremacy",[92] with a mixture of red ink (some sources say paint) and her own blood. [35] Like the earlier sculpture, Wilson used a northerner, Harold Langlois of Boston, as his model. The inscriptions are in all capital letters but are rendered here in sentence case for ease of reading. In September 2019, a student reporter found what appeared to be the statue and pedestal under tarpaulins in a storage yard on the UNC campus. Silent Sam Silent Sam is a statue of a Confederate soldier by John Wilson on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Beginning in August there was "a year of sit-ins, rallies and protests involving students, faculty and community members". [26][34] The Daughters originally were slated to give $1,500 of the cost of the statue,[26] though their success at fundraising led the university to ask for them to cover $2,500 by 1911. "[30] University President Francis Preston Venable spoke to the 1909 UDC Convention, approving of the plan for a monument, and saying that record of the students who enlisted "should ever be before the eyes of the present-day students". ", "UNC Center for Civil Rights Director Theodore M. Shaw Statement on Removal of Statue Known as, University of North Carolina School of Law, "Silent Sam from a historian's perspective", "The unfinished story of Silent Sam, from 'Soldier Boy' to fallen symbol of a painful past", "Former UNC chancellor says he wished he'd taken down Silent Sam", "Former UNC chancellor's granddaughter among 14 now charged in Silent Sam protests", "Broken Tributes to a Morally Bankrupt Cause", "Behind 'Silent Sam's' toppling at UNC, a lesson for South Carolina, historians say", "Make It Right Project Responds to the North Carolina Historical Commission Vote to Keep Confederate Monuments Standing", "Daughters of Confederacy rejects Chatham County monument talks. The University and the state should offer magnanimous terms to those students and allow them to return to school unpunished. It would be unwise and imprudent for the University to take any action regarding the monument without additional legal clarity, and we would expect no less from our chancellor. Many of the resources listed here have been digitized and are available for easy access online. On August 21 Chancellor Folt issued a message urging students not to attend the rally scheduled for the next day, "considering the potential for a highly charged atmosphere and the very real possibility for confrontation with outside groups. [124] Crowds remained around the base, and the Associated Press reported that students were drawn to see it as the news of the toppling spread. "[67], The same day, UNC chancellor Carol Folt, UNC president Margaret Spellings, UNC board-of-governors chairman Lou Bissette, and UNC trustee chairman Haywood Cochrane wrote to Governor Roy Cooper,[73] warning of "significant safety and security threats"[74][75] concerning Silent Sam: "it is only a matter of time before an attempt is made to pull down Silent Sam in much the same manner we saw in Durham ... An attempt may occur at any time. The statue has been in storage since it was toppled last August by protesters who said it was a racist symbol. Silent animated cartoons - Uncle Sam and the Bolsheviki-IWW Rat, Ford Motor Co., 1919. Others are accessible in Wilson Library. Maintaining this monument undercuts the value of equality protected by North Carolina law and the United States Constitution. $7,500 in 1913 had roughly the same purchasing power as $193,500 in 2018. [53] The letter highlighted Julian Carr's speech at the dedication of the statue, which Domby had uncovered in the university archives in 2009. They repaired cracks, removed green oxidation, and gave the statue a protective wax coating. [95], A November 1 statement (posted November 9) from the Department of Communication stated "We understand 'Silent Sam' to be a symbol of the history and legacies of racial slavery, anti-black racism, and white supremacy that persist in the state of North Carolina, the university, and our country.... [W]e have a moral obligation to remove this symbol of violent oppression from our midst, and continue the work of dismantling systemic racism. She described her action as "provid[ing] context": "This statue, Silent Sam, was built on white supremacy. [186], On September 4, 2018, a letter from 450 UNC faculty members, supporting Folt's preference for relocating the statue, was sent to the Board of Governors, Board of Trustees, and key administrators. [105] The statue cleaning began within minutes, although at her trial, "a campus maintenance supervisor testified it took several days to remove red stains at a cost of about $4,000 in supplies and labor". [118] Holding signs and chanting "stand up, fight back" and "This is what democracy looks like", some protesters stamped on the statue or tried to cover it with dirt. Silent Sam was erected in 1913 to remember the “sons of the University who died for their beloved Southland 1861-1865,” according … [195], On October 12, the Faculty Council, UNC's main faculty body, passed a resolution requesting the permanent removal of the statue and its base. He did not wait until a convenient time to speak or act. "[194] 417 other UNC-CH faculty signed a letter of support. 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