Three New Testament high priests are specifically named: Annas ( Luke 3:2 ; John 18:19 John 18:24 ), Caiaphas ( Luke 3:2 ; John 18:13 John 18:24 ), and Ananias ( Acts 23:2 ; 24:1 ). There were special obligations for which the high priest alone was responsible. Numbers 35:25; Mishneh Torah, Rotzeiach 7:8. Prominent among them: The ascension of Antiochus IV Epiphanes to the Seleucid throne in 175 BCE marked the beginning of the end of true High Priesthood. Moses, who represented ultimate truth, was to assist the people in seeing the G‑dly reality. 30, 33b). The eight garments (called the “golden clothes” in Jewish literature) were donned when performing the services common to all holidays.51, The Torah gives a long and detailed account of the inauguration of the first-ever High Priest. This made him unfit for the High Priesthood, a position which necessitated complete subservience to the Almighty,2 and Aaron became the first High Priest in his stead. God intended, in advance, that the Old Covenant Levitical priesthood last for only a short time (Hebrews 7:11 - 12, 9 - 10) and be replaced. The High Priesthood was returned to his family because of the missteps of Eli’s children in I Samuel 2:22-24. On any normal day any priest might perform atoning sacrificial procedures, but not on the Day of Atonement ( Lev 16 ). The obvious reference to Exodus 19:6 suggests that the church functions in this present age as God's New Testament kingdom of priests much like the nation of Israel did in the Old Testament. At the special festival times the priests had specific responsibilities in handling the offerings brought by the people ( Leviticus 23:9-21 Leviticus 23:25 Leviticus 23:36-38 ). On this day, and only on this day, the high priest would enter alone into the Most Holy Place to purge it from the impurities of the priests (vv. The procedure there is virtually identical to that performed for the consecration of the priests. Talmud, Yoma 19b. The mishnah explains, “A Torah scholar of illegitimate birth precedes an ignorant High Priest.”66, And, like the honor accorded a king, one was obligated to stand from when he saw the High Priest until he left his field of vision.67. 30, 33b) by purging (i.e., "atoning") the Most Holy Place, everything in the tent of meeting, and the burnt offering altar (v. 33a) on their behalf (vv. Politically, Israel's overlords probably would not have allowed a power vacuum to last … Reply, Thank you.this was very interesting and correct. of flour. Priests of foreign gods in foreign lands referred to in the Old Testament are Potiphera, Joseph's father-in-law, who was a "priest of On" in Egypt ( Genesis 41:45 Genesis 41:50 ; 46:20 ), the whole priestly organization in Egypt ( Genesis 47:22 Genesis 47:26 ), the "priests of Dagon" in Philistia ( 1 Sam 5:5 ; 6:2 ), the "priests of Chemosh" in Moab ( Jer 48:7 ), and the "priests of Malcam" in Ammon ( Jer 49:3 ). Amongst us, no death causes more grief than that of the High Priest.” After this he also purged the other parts of the sanctuary with blood (vv. In fact, in some sense David, who is likely to have been the initial referent in Psalm 110, also legitimately exercized priestly prerogatives on some occasions (see esp. A famous example of this: The Talmud tells us that in the aftermath of the Chanukah story, the Maccabees could not find a jug of oil that had the seal of the High Priest intact. Lev 16:11-14 with Lev 16:15-19 ). Moreover, it was not long before "a large number of priests became obedient to the faith" ( Acts 6:7). On the seventh day, the nominee burnt the inaugural flour offering—which paralleled the High Priest’s daily flour offering (minchat chavitin)—and became a full-fledged Kohen Gadol. Interestingly, the high priest Caiaphas unwittingly prophesied the substitutionary death of Jesus for Israel and for all believers even among the gentiles ( John 11:47-53 ; 18:14 ). 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