The National Library of Ireland, The 1916 Rising: Personalities and Perspectives, #Onthisday in 1919 two policemen were shot dead in an attack by masked men in... More », In January 1921 the Irish War of Independence continued on with constant attacks... More », Despite prohibition being law in the United States for over a year by January... More ». The narrative proceeds almost on an hour-by-hour basis building up a picture which, while immensely detailed, is none the less presented with the greatest clarity. Note that Easter Day fell on 27 March in 2016 and on 23 April in 1916. The failure to control railway stations or the Dublin and Kingstown docks meant that once the British needed to move troops into the city in large numbers to quell the Rising they could do so relatively unimpeded. The Easter Rising was a rebellion in Dublin, Ireland at Easter in 1916. (Image: Irish Life - A Record of the Irish Rebellion, 1916. The fighting was fierce, particularly around Mount Street Bridge and North King Street, where the death rate on both sides, and amongst civilians, was highest. The Easter Rising was an ambitious attempt to spark an Ireland-wide rebellion and bring an end to British rule. To free his people from centuries of oppression, a young polio survivor sacrifices true love to mastermind a secret rebellion against the greatest empire the world has ever known. The Following is sourced from Wikipedia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... British soldiers behind an improvised barricade of barrels during the Easter Rising, 1916. On 20 January, Ireland's first ever commemorative €2 coin went into circulation to mark the centenary year of the Easter Rising. The high levels of artillery used by the British led to a huge number of fires around the Sackville Street area. The Rising When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to be a much smaller affair than what had originally been planned. The Supreme Council of the IRB met on 5 September 1914, a month after the United Kingdom declared war on Germany. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Pearse surrendered on Saturday afternoon to avoid any further loss of civilian life. Eoin MacNeill thought not, and issued a countermanding order that was published in the Irish Sunday Independent on Easter Sunday. On April 24 their forces seized the Dublin General Post Office and other strategic points in Dublin’s city centre, and Pearse read aloud a proclamation announcing the birth of the Irish republic. The complexity over the legacy of 1916 begins in earnest at this point. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The uprising was planned to be nationwide in scope, but a series of mishaps led to its being confined to Dublin alone. The centenary of the Easter Rising occurred in 2016. The newspapers in Dublin and Belfast denounced the Easter Rising. Yeats traced the movement of hard-nosed realism to mythography through the poem. The original idea was to have a … The Rising was mounted by Irish republicans to end British rule in Ireland, secede from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and establish an independent Irish Republic while the United Kingdo… Legacy Omissions? Its enactment was postponed because of the outbreak of the First World War. There is no doubt that British actions during Easter week, such as the killings of civilians on North King Street, turned public opinion against Britain. 2016 marks the centenary of the Easter Rising in Ireland, when a small band of republicans’ brief insurrection over Easter Week 1916 resulted in their declaration of independence from Great Britain to form the Irish Republic (Poblacht na hÉireann). Though the uprising itself had been unpopular with most of the Irish people, these executions excited a wave of revulsion against the British authorities and turned the dead republican leaders into martyred heroes. It took place in the capital city, Dublin. Equally the failure to take the HQ of the British administration, Dublin Castle, or a significant central building that was stocked with arms, Trinity College, hampered the rebels and both those buildings would be important bases for British forces during the week. Full collection available in the National Library of Ireland). Some of their actions throughout Easter week turned many members of the public against Britain. The British had learned of the planned uprising and on April 21 arrested Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement in County Kerry for running arms for the rebels. It was afterwards strongly garrisoned by the soldiers and became the pivot of their operations. The Century Ireland project is an online historical newspaper that tells the story of the events of Irish life a century ago. The Rising It began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin , Ireland. The force that would come together and fight during the Easter Rising comprised the Irish Volunteers (under the leadership of Pearse), the Irish Citizen Army (led by James Connolly) and the women’s organisation Cumann na mBan. Rory Sweetman revisits the story of the Easter Rising and the threats posed to Trinity College during that fateful week. This not only destroyed the buildings of the street, but ultimately forced the rebels holding the GPO to evacuate the building on Friday evening. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Easter-Rising, History Learning Site - The 1916 Easter Rising, Natioanl Museum of Ireland - The Easter Rising: Understanding 1916, Easter Rising - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Easter Rising - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The spirit of 1916, and the military lessons learned from it, are central in understanding the Irish insurgency against Britain between 1919 and 1921 and the creation of an independent Irish Free State. The leaders and organisers of the Rising. For a week battle raged in the Irish capital until the Rising collapsed. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. An infamous document purporting to show that the British authorities in Dublin Castle were planning to clampdown on nationalists, including the Irish Volunteers. RTÉ.ie is the website of Raidió Teilifís Éireann, Ireland's National Public Service Media. 1912. In the Proclamation, Ireland’s “children” and the “exiled children in America” join forces as the Easter Rising begins. The executions of the rebel leadership and the arrest of over 3,000 people in the wake of the Rising also served to radicalise public opinion. …the rising took place, on Easter Monday 1916, only about 1,000 men and women were actually engaged. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, which was a revolutionary society within the nationalist organization called … It was in fact a forgery created by the IRB Military Council to pressurise the leader of the Volunteers, Eoin … The Easter Rising was a rebellion against British rule in Ireland. There has been much historical debate about why the Rising was planned. Here some children living close to the action collect firewood from the ruins. The Easter Rising book. The dominant force in Irish politics through to 1916 was the Irish Parliamentary Party led by John Redmond. The General Post Office and other parts of Dublin were seized; street fighting continued for about a week until Tom Clarke, Patrick Pearse, and other republican leaders…. The Easter Rising was a major factor in Sinn Féin ’s victory in the 1918 parliamentary elections and subsequent decision to not sit in the United Kingdom’s Parliament. British forces initially put their efforts into securing the approaches to Dublin Castle and isolating the rebel headquarters, which they believed was in Liberty Hal… The legacy of the Easter Rising is complex and, at times, deeply contested. On Monday 24 April, members of the Irish Volunteers, Irish Citizen Army and Cumann na mBan took control of several key buildings across Dublin city centre. Also, leaders such as Thomas Clarke, Seán Mac Diarmada and Patrick Pearse were, at their heart, Republicans who fervently believed in the ideal of an Irish Republic and believed that the use of violence to achieve that goal was acceptable. The Easter Rising was virtually confined to Dublin. You may be hearing lots about it in the media at the moment since next year will be the 100th anniversary of the Rising, and huge events are being planned all around Dublin (where the vast majority of the fighting occurred) to mark the occasion. While some of these buildings such as the GPO or Boland’s Mills, would become iconic in the memory of the Rising, there were other key strategic sites that the rebels did not take control of. The British Army claimed to lost 116 men along with 16 members of the RIC. As a military campaign the Rising was ultimately a failure but it had an important legacy in that the British response to the event turned the majority of the Irish public away from the idea of Home Rule and towards the concept of a fully independent Irish Republic. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Great Irish Famine of 1845 is regarded by many historians as a pivotal point in Irish history, and it certainly contributed to the ultimately unsuccessful Easter Rising (also known as the Easter Rebellion) of 1916 and the Declaration of Independence made by its key protagonists, including Padraig Pearse, who were soon to meet an untimely end at Kilmainham Jail. British troops soon arrived to put down the rebellion, and for nearly a week Dublin was paralyzed by street fighting. (Image: National Library of Ireland, INDH 0009). The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, between Monday 24 April and Sunday 29 April, 1916. A provisional Irish government was proclaimed. The Easter Rising signaled the start of the republican revolution in Ireland. John Redmond, the leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, addresses a large Home Rule demonstration ca. The majority of those killed wer… It began on April 24, 1916, which was the day after Easter that year, and lasted five days. It was a rebellion against British rule in Ireland and was defeated after a swift British military response. Rebel and civilian deaths numbered 318 in total, of which 64 belonged to Republican groups like the ICA and IRB. MacBride was a nationalist hero before the Easter Rising for his part in commanding the Irish Brigade which fought with the Boers in South Africa. Easter Rising, also called Easter Rebellion, Irish republican insurrection against British government in Ireland, which began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. I can think of few other books that can rival Barton and Foy's Easter Rising for historical detail and broad scope- two things that are rarely done well together. The more radical voices insisted that the Rising go ahead, even without the German arms, and fresh orders were issued by Pearse that the planned military plan be activated on Easter Monday. Responsibility for the planning of the rising was given to Tom Clarke and Sean Mac Dermott. The 1916 Rising was the first major revolt against British rule in Ireland since the United Irishmen Rebellion of 1798. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, which was a revolutionary society within the nationalist organization called the Irish Volunteers; the latter had about 16,000 members and was armed with German weapons smuggled into the country in 1914. Britannica now has a site just for parents! The split over the Treaty, which had led to the creation of the Irish Free State, would not only lead to Civil War, but also to claims, from both sides of the Treaty divide, that they were the true inheritors and custodians of the spirit of 1916. At this meeting they decided to stage a rising before the war ended and to accept whatever help Germany might offer. Lord Wimborne, the Lord Lieutenant, declared martial law on Tuesday evening and handed over civil power to Brigadier-General W. H. M. Lowe. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Photo: National Library of Ireland, KE 119, The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, Redmond backed Irish participation in the War, civilians who paid the highest price during Easter week, The National Library of Ireland, The 1916 Rising: Personalities and Perspectives, Abducted women released unhurt, but distressed and hungry, Dublin’s homeless crisis becoming more acute, Briand appointed French Prime Minister for fourth time, Prohibition one year on - 14,000 illicit distillers now at work in United States, NEWSLETTER: Subscribe and get Century Ireland straight to your inbox, RTÉ History Show: The Women’s Suffrage Movement, WATCH: Centenary Commemoration of the Soloheadbeg Ambush, Explainer: The Democratic Programme of the First Dáil, Department of the Century, Heritage and Gaeltacht. It was carried out by members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood and members of the Irish Citizens Army. (Image: National Library of Ireland, EPH F339). The Rising began on Easter Monday, 24 April 1916. Eoin MacNeill, the leader of the Irish Volunteers, therefore canceled mobilization orders for the insurgents, but Pearse and Clarke went ahead with about 1,560 Irish Volunteers and a 200-man contingent of the Citizen Army. For additional information, please visit the GAC Library. In effect, is the Ireland of today the one that the men and women of 1916 dreamt of? (Image: UCD Postcard Collection). Civilians lives were greatly disrupted during the week of fighting. The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, between Monday 24 April and Sunday 29 April, 1916. Why a Rising? British artillery bombardments compelled Pearse and his colleagues to surrender on April 29. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, 1916. 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