Written By The monuments go up … Blevins' "Forever in Mourning" Chart of Union and Confederate Monuments, 1860-1920 . (This was swiftly challenged in court and is under a ten-day injunction.) They were built as … Questions Remain in Police Shooting. Houseless Residents Say They Were Evicted Without Warning in Richmond. "The fact that they were placed on the grounds of county and state courthouses was intentional. Big statues in prominent public spaces erected to make a point about the supposed glories of the Confederacy should be transferred elsewhere (ideally to museums or battlefields). In addition to monuments to the Union and Confederate honorees, the … “These statues were erected, in essence, as a reminder to the community that Southern order and Southern culture depended upon white supremacy,” Grossman says. Gov. There's been a lot of discussion lately about whether Confederate monuments and memorials should remain in public spaces. The reality is that they were erected to support a cause, but not that cause you may think. All rights reserved. Most notably, this ‘Lost Cause’ vision claimed that preserving states’ rights and preserving Southern culture were the central aims of the Confederacy, when in actuality preserving slavery and white supremacy were its main goals.”, The second motivation, Dickinson said, was “an effort to reassert white supremacy after Reconstruction—physical reminders for the black population who was in control.”. Chris Canipe, Haley Britzky. The COVID-19 Vaccine is Available in Virginia. So, why were Confederate monument erected in the first place? Jim Crow laws legalized segregation in many states, and essentially made it completely OK for white citizens to discriminate or enact violence against black citizens. The statues of Davis in the state capitol and Morgan in Lexington were erected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy. While many statues have been up for years, … June 11, 2020 2:41 pm EDT. “African American communities do not have the luxury of having idealized views of the past or the present. Social Justice The Confederate statues were put up when they were put up [not just after the war but largely during periods of Civil Rights tension in the 20th century], to send a message about white supremacy, and to sentimentalize people who had actively fought to preserve the system of slavery. Meghan McCarthy, Originally Published So, in essence, when you remove a Confederate statue monument or headstone, you are in fact, removing a statue monument or headstone of a U.S. According to the AHA, most Confederate monuments were erected during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century, and this undertaking was "part and parcel of the initiation of legally mandated segregation and widespread disenfranchisement across the South." Most of the Confederate monuments in the United States were commissioned and erected during times of racial strife, or by organizations that championed white supremacy. Meghan was also a reporter at National Journal, and her work has been featured on CSPAN, MSNBC, NPR, New York Times, and Washington Post. In short they imply that racism was the prime motive for Confederate monument-building. Activists tore down a Confederate soldier statue in Durham, North Carolina last year. As Prof. Michael Dickinson, an expert in African American history at Virginia Commonwealth University, explained, there were “two primary motivations” for the people who put up Confederate statues on Monument Avenue in Richmond. What Will New Casino Bring to Norfolk, Pamunkey Tribe? Activists and some political leaders have tried for years to remove them. Who raised the majority of the Confederate Monuments and Statues? Rashid: Why Would You Let Someone Steal Your Money Every Year? Confederate monuments may be a part of history, but not the part of history that most people probably associate them with. One statue is a tribute to Confederate General Robert E. Lee, whose image is the last remaining piece of Confederate iconography left standing on Richmond’s famous Monument Avenue. … is a national editor with COURIER and she helped found Dogwood. More statues were targeted following protests over the police killing of George Floyd, a black man in Minneapolis, on May 25, 2020. Wikipedia has a partial list here. Statues of Confederate heroes were not erected immediately after the war. In this moment of reckoning around the country, monuments to confederate heroes have also tumbled or been targets of vandalism, most of which were erected decades after the Civil War. As the nation underwent even more significant political changes during the 1960s and 1970s, hundreds of new Confederate monuments, statues and symbols were erected. Neither was about celebrating America. 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